Its truly a proud moment for all the Indian Citizens that Ministry is celebrating the completion of 50 years of the Passport of 1967. It was on June 24, 1967 that the Passport Act came into effect.
The Passports Act is an act of the Parliament of India “for the issue of passports and travel documents, to regulate the departure from India of citizens of India and for other persons and for matters incidental or ancillary thereto.” The Act applies to whole of India extending to citizens of India living outside the country.
The Act replaced the Indian Passport Ordinance 1967 and was enacted by Act 15 of 1967 with retrospective effect from 5 May 1967. The act describes the procedures in getting an Indian passport.
In conformity with Article 9 of Indian Constitution, the Act does not allow dual citizenship. Under Section 12 of the Act, a person must surrender his passport if he has acquired the citizenship of foreign country.
In Satwant Singh Sawnhey v. Union of India, the Supreme Court has held that a right to travel is a Fundamental right under Article 21 of Indian Constitution and the government has no right to refuse a passport to a person who has applied for the same. It thus became necessary to regulate the issuance of passport and travel documents by law. Prior to the act, the government had issued passports in exercise of its executive power on foreign relations.
As, the Parliament was not in session at that time, the President of India promulgated an ordinance namely “The Indian Passport Ordinance, 1967 (4 of 1967)”.The aforesaid act was passed to replace the ordinance.